Soil preparation is a three part process:
1- Recycle and re-build soil from last year.
2- Create natural "home made" compost piles.
3- Create perfect humus (dark, nitrogen rich, amended soil) for each hole.
We will start with 1...
Soil can become a huge expense each year, and for some, it is. However, it doesn't have to be.
Your goal is to add humus to your "used" soil.
Humus is the thick brown or black substance that remains after most of the organic litter has decomposed. Humus contains many useful nutrients for healthy soil, the very most important being nitrogen. Experts think humus makes soil more fertile, they suggest it helps prevent disease in plants and food crops. When you have humus in soil it helps air and water move through the loose soil, providing oxygen to the roots of your plants.
Adding nitrogen to your soil is very easy. You can buy "Soil Cover" at any feed store. We fill the permanent holes with cover crop (plant about three months) before you intend to till in your "natural home made compost piles." As you can see from the photo, we also take the soil used in grow bags and add cover crop. Eventually we will till the cover crop into the soil, and add it to the compost that is currently being created. We also add a list of organic amendments to each hole/bag before the flowers are added.